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Schaefer Political Cartoons

 Collection
Identifier: R0116-SPC

Scope and Content Note

This collection includes 140 original pen and ink drawings of political editorial cartoons created between 1972 and 1992 for local newspapers covering William Donald Schaefer’s years as Mayor of Baltimore City (1971-1987) and Governor of Maryland (1987-1995). Schaefer collected these drawings when they were published. The majority of the drawings were created by Thomas Flannery and Mike Lane for The Baltimore Sun. Other artists of political cartoons in this collection include Glenn Foden of Patuxent Publishing, Bill Garner of The Washington Times, [Eric] Smith of the Capitol Gazette, and Michael Ricig.

Dates

  • 1972-1992

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Biographical Note

William Donald Schaefer (b. November 2, 1921 – d. April 18, 2011) was a Maryland Democrat politician who served in several prominent roles in Maryland during his career of more than 50 years in public office. Schaefer served on the Baltimore City Council beginning in 1955 before being elected Baltimore City Council President in 1967, he also served as the Mayor of Baltimore (1971-1987), Governor of Maryland (1987-1995), and Comptroller of Maryland (1999-2007). Throughout his years in public office, Schaefer was a well-known personality. While in office he was often portrayed in numerous newspaper political cartoons published in The Baltimore Sun and other publications. He collected copies of political cartoons depicting him created by cartoonists Thomas Flannery, Mike Lane, and others.

William Donald Schaefer was born in Baltimore, Maryland and graduated from the Baltimore City College in 1939. He received his bachelor’s degree in 1942 and master’s degree in law in 1954 from the University of Baltimore School of Law. Schaefer also served in the Army during World War II.

During his years with the Baltimore City Council, Shaefer helped pass housing, education, and urban renewal legislation. As Mayor of Baltimore City, Schaefer is known for his role in the redevelopment of Baltimore throughout the 1970s and 1980s, for his push for increased tourism in the city, and for other development programs. He was actively involved in the development of the Inner Harbor and of public transportation in Baltimore City. As mayor, some of the development projects Schaefer is best known for include the Baltimore subway, the Convention Center, the Hyatt hotel on Light Street, the National Aquarium, the World Trade Center, and Harborplace located at the Inner Harbor of the city.

As Governor of Maryland, Schaefer is known for his roles in building Camden Yards and a new football stadium in Baltimore City and for his role in the development of the Light Rail line running north and south between Hunt Valley and Glen Burnie, Maryland. He is also known for advocating for environmental legislation to improve the Chesapeake Bay, and for legislation regarding education and social programs in the state. William Donald Schaefer died April 18, 2011.

Thomas F. Flannery (b. 1920 – d. 1999) was a popular editorial cartoonist for The Baltimore Sun newspapers during the middle and late-twentieth century. Flannery published over 7,000 drawings with The Evening Sun and The Sun over his 31-year career with the newspaper before his retirement in 1988. Born in Pennsylvania in 1920, Flannery worked in New York City before joining the Air Force in the 1940s. While stationed in England he worked for the Yank magazine as an artist. He worked primarily in charcoal and ink during his career with The Baltimore Sun newspapers and his cartoons were a staple in the local community. Thomas F. Flannery died in Baltimore November 9, 1999.

Mike Lane (b. 1941 – d. 2019) was an award-winning well-known editorial cartoonist who worked for The Baltimore Sun newspaper, The Evening Sun, from 1972 until his retirement in 2004 when The Evening Sun merged with the morning paper, The Sun. Lane was known for his cartoon portrayals of local and national political figures such as former Baltimore mayor and Maryland governor William Donald Schaefer and former President Richard Nixon. A Maryland-native, Lane served in the Navy and worked for General Electric before beginning his career of over 30 years as a cartoonist with The Baltimore Sun. Mike Lane died in Baltimore November 17, 2019.

[Information from this historical note was gathered from newspaper articles and obituaries in The Baltimore Sun, The Washington Post, and The New York Times.]

Extent

140 Sheets

Abstract

This collection contains 140 original pen and ink drawings covering William Donald Schaefer's years as Mayor of Baltimore and Governor of Maryland created by editorial political cartoonists for The Baltimore Sun, Capitol Gazette, and other publications.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in 3 series:
  • Cartoons by Thomas Flannery
  • Cartoons by Mike Lane
  • Cartoons by Other Artists

Custodial History

The collection was deposited at the University of Baltimore on May 4, 1994 by William Donald Schaefer.

Related Materials

Related Mateirals include the Tom Flannery cartoons collection (cc-002), Special Collections, The Johns Hopkins University. [https://aspace.library.jhu.edu/repositories/3/resources/5]

Processing Information

Collection processed by Special Collections & Archives staff.

Creator

Title
Schaefer Political Cartoons
Author
Finding aid created by UB Special Collections & Archives staff. Revised by Aiden Faust (2011). Revised by Laura Bell (March 2020).
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Undetermined
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Baltimore Regional Studies Archives Repository

Contact:
H. Mebane Turner Learning Commons, Room 104
1415 Maryland Avenue
Baltimore Maryland 21201 USA
410-837-4253