American Lung Association Records
Scope and Contents
This collection includes materials documenting the history of the American Lung Association of Maryland including previous iterations and names of the organization. The collection consists primarily of twelve scrapbooks and a limited number of reports, photographs, posters, and film public service announcements documenting the organization's work between 1902 and 1980.
- Bulk of materials dated: 1917-1967
- American Lung Association of Maryland (Organization)
Language of Materials
Materials are in English.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
In 1905, the Maryland Society for the Prevention & Relief of Tuberculosis was founded by two Johns Hopkins Hospital physicians, William Osler and William Welch. The organization’s first president was Dr. Henry Barton Jacobs. The society was also associated with the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis (NASPT).
Beginning in 1907, the American Red Cross instituted a major fund raising effort known as the Christmas Seals campaign. By 1919, the Red Cross turned over complete control of the campaign to the NASPT, that had since been renamed the National Tuberculosis Association (NTA). The state affiliate became the Maryland Tuberculosis Association and they took charge of the local Christmas seal campaign. The “double-barreled” Cross of Lorraine, an international symbol of the anti-tuberculosis campaign, began to appear on Christmas Seals and became the recognized symbol of the NTA and its state affiliates. The campaign funded education about, treatment of, and research into tuberculosis. By the group’s fiftieth year, deaths from the disease had been reduced to a half of what they had been at its inception and the organization’s focus expanded to other respiratory disease.
The NTA joined other public health advocates in requesting the U.S. Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health and, after it was issued in1964, began an educational campaign to combat smoking. In 1967, the expanded focus was recognized by changing the Associations’ names to “Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Association.” Six years later, the national association was renamed the American Lung Association (ALA) and its local affiliate became the ALA Maryland Chapter.
21 Linear Feet
The collection consists primarily of twelve scrapbooks and a limited number of reports, photographs, posters, and film public service announcements documenting the American Lung Association's history and work between 1902 and 1980.
Collection is arranged in 5 series:
- Film Shorts, 1978
The collection was donated to the University of Baltimore by Rick Franke circa 1980.
Accessing Digital Copies
Digital versions of items in this collection are available online. Locate records by using the "Print" button above, or browse records in “Collection Organization." Records with associated digital objects are identified with a red Digital Object icon.
Scrapbooks were disassembled for preservation
- Finding aid for the American Lung Association Records
- Finding aid created by Special Collections and Archives staff. Revised by Aiden Faust (2011). Revised by Laura Bell (April 2020).
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note